Eye Disease Diagnosis & Management

A Team Effort Against Eye Disease

Eye diseases can come in a variety of forms. At Port Royal Eye Care, our team is in your corner to help diagnose and manage several eye diseases such as cataracts, glaucoma, and age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

Consistent and frequent eye exams can help our team detect developing eye diseases early and prepare a personalized treatment plan for your unique visual needs.

Contact us to schedule an appointment and begin the fight against eye disease with our team.

Early Detection & Treatment

Eye disease can be challenging to deal with, but you’re not alone. Our goal at Port Royal Eye Care is to preserve your long-term vision with early detection and personalized treatment.

We strive to keep our patients comfortable and informed throughout the examination process. Your eyes are a window to your overall health, and consistent eye exams can help us stay up-to-date on your visual health.

Contact us to schedule a comprehensive eye exam and learn more about the details of your eyes.

Exploring Different Types of Eye Disease

Early detection of developing eye diseases is essential for effective treatment. Learning about the different types of eye diseases can help keep our patients informed on some of their early signs.


Cataracts develop when the normally clear lens of the eye becomes clouded. Your retina works by converting light that comes through the lens into signals that are sent to the optic nerve. The optic nerve then carries them to the brain providing you with vision. Cataract formation begins when proteins form clumps that can prevent the lens from sending clear signals to the optic nerve.

Common signs and symptoms of cataracts can include:

  • Clouded, blurred, or dim vision

  • Sensitivity to light and glare

  • Colors appearing faded or yellow

  • Double vision in the affected eye

Corrective lenses can help provide clear vision when dealing with cataracts. However, when cataracts begin to affect your daily life and prevent you from going about your daily activities—surgery is the only option to remove them.


Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that cause damage to the optic nerve. The optic nerve plays a crucial role as it carries the information the retina receives to the brain, providing clear vision.

Common signs and symptoms of glaucoma can include:

Damage from glaucoma is often caused by high pressure in the eye, known as intraocular pressure. However, it can develop with normal intraocular pressure levels.

At Port Royal Eye Care, we use diagnostic technology to help manage glaucoma, such as:

  • Applanation tonometry is used to detect changes in your eye pressure. This type of tonometry test is the most common and considered the most accurate for measuring eye pressure.

The iCare tonometer helps detect intraocular pressure (IOP) in a patient’s eyes. While not as common as applanation tonometry, this device allows our team to perform IOP measurements accurately.

Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a vision condition affecting central vision and damaging the macula. AMD is a progressive condition and a leading cause of vision loss among older adults.

There are 2 main types of AMD to monitor:

  • Dry AMD is the more common form of the disease and occurs in early, intermediate, and late stages. Dry AMD usually progresses over several years and results from the macula thinning with age.

  • Wet AMD is the less common form of the disease and results in faster and more severe vision loss. Wet AMD happens when abnormal blood vessels grow in the back of the eye and cause damage to the macula.

Slowing the progression of the disease is possible by practicing prevention methods such as giving up smoking and switching to a healthier diet. Our team will work with you to develop a personalized treatment plan that meets your visual needs.

Comprehensive & Dedicated Care

At Port Royal Eye Care, our dedicated team is equipped to help you navigate and manage eye disease. Early detection and treatment can allow us to preserve your long-term visual health.

Contact us to schedule an appointment and get a comprehensive eye care experience.

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